How To Grow Magic Mushrooms: A Comprehensive Guide from Spores to Spectacular Growth - (2024)


Magic mushrooms, also known as Psilocybin mushrooms, have always aroused human interest due to their historical history of use in numerous cultural contexts.

With a rise in interest in both their therapeutic and recreational possibilities, this enduring appeal for their mystical powers has persisted into the current period. Thanks to its popularity, people are inclining more towards growing magic mushrooms at home for an endless supply and that too absolutely free of cost.

How To Grow Magic Mushrooms

Cultivating your own Psilosybin mushrooms is quite easy at home. Without building large setups or buying costly equipment, you can still grow your magic mushrooms to get a free supply for your entire life.

Before getting to learn about how to grow magic mushrooms, it is crucial to be knowledgeable about the laws governing psilocybin-containing mushrooms in your area, before getting to know about its cultivation process. Around the world, there are many variations and potential changes in the laws governing their cultivation, possession, and usage.

However, if you live in a place where it is permitted to use or you have the required document for this purpose, here’s a comprehensive guide to help you get started on your magic mushroom cultivation journey.

Research and Choose the Right Species

Before starting on the whole process of mushroom growing, it is crucial to carry out rigorous research and pick the exact type of magic mushrooms you want to produce. This choice entails taking into account a number of important aspects and is the cornerstone of a good cultivating experience.

Some popular species for cultivation include Psilocybe cubensis, Psilocybe cyanescens, and Psilocybe semilanceata -each with its distinct characteristics and requirements.Think about your tastes, level of experience, and available resources before choosing a species.

Due to its versatility and forgiving nature, Psilocybe cubensis may be a good starting point for novice farmers. However, seasoned growers could be intrigued by the difficulties and potency of Psilocybe cyanescens or the distinctive qualities of Psilocybe semilanceata. Since the legality of growing magic mushrooms varies greatly from place to place, make sure you follow all applicable rules and laws before starting.

Additionally, for a successful cultivation experience, careful study and comprehension of the particular requirements of your chosen species are crucial.

Gather Necessary Supplies

To cultivate magic mushrooms successfully, you’ll need several essential supplies. The 8 most important supplies includes:

Spore Syringes or Spore Prints

The spores required to inoculate your substrate are contained in these. While spore prints may be more economical, spore syringes are practical for precise inoculation.


Vermiculite, organic brown rice, and brown rice flour are typical substrate choices. The species you plan to cultivate will determine the substrate you use.

Sterilisation Equipment

To sterilise both the substrate and the equipment, you need to use an autoclave or pressure cooker. During the growing phase, sterility is essential to avoid infection.

Growing Containers

The best containers for fruiting mushrooms are made of glass or plastic and have lids. These containers ought to be spacious enough to hold your preferred substrate and have appropriate airflow.

Incubation Chamber

To promote the growth of the mycelium during the early stages of culture, create a warm, dark environment. Using a plastic storage container with a lid as a container is a quick and easy solution.

Fruiting Chamber

During the fruiting stage, a humid, well-ventilated atmosphere is crucial for mushroom development. A bigger container or even a special grow tent can also be used.


Although for some species, lighting is optional, it can also aid in the beginning of fruiting. The majority of mushrooms benefit from either a 12-hour cool-white fluorescent light cycle or indirect, natural light.

Hygrometer and Thermometer

Throughout the cultivation process, hygrometer and thermometer are required for monitoring and regulating humidity and temperature conditions.

Prepare the Substrate

The substrate serves as the nutrient-rich medium in which magic mushrooms will grow. To prepare it:

Mix The Ingredients

Depending on the species you’ve chosen, combine your substrate components depending on the species you’ve chosen. Brown rice flour and vermiculite are two often used Psilocybe cubensis mixtures.


To eliminate any impurities, sterilise the substrate mixture in a pressure cooker or autoclave. Sterilisation is an important step in keeping undesirable fungi or bacteria from competing with your magic mushrooms.

Filling Containers

After sterilisation, pack the sterile substrate combination into the desired growing containers. Ensure that it is evenly spread and compacted to give appropriate support for mushroom development. Allow the containers to cool to ambient temperature.

Inoculate with Spores

Inoculating or immunising your substrate with spores is the next vital step in the cultivation process. Follow these steps carefully:

Prepare the Work Area

Before you begin, ensure your work environment is clean and free of any contaminants. Wash your hands thoroughly, and consider wearing a disposable face mask and gloves.

Inoculation Method

For inoculation, spore syringes or spore prints might be used. Spore syringes make accurate and controlled spore dispersal possible. Simply inject the spore solution evenly into the substrate to use them.

Sealing Containers

After inoculating, cover the containers with lids or permeable tape. This step aids in the creation of a controlled and sterile environment for mycelium growth.


Place the tightly closed containers in an incubation chamber that is dark and warm, with a temperature of 75-80°F (24-27°C). The mycelium will begin to take over the substrate at this phase. Mycelium growth will appear as a white, web-like structure stretched throughout the substrate.

Initiate Fruiting

Once the substrate is thoroughly colonised by mycelium, it’s time to induce the fruiting stage. Follow these steps:

Prepare the Fruiting Chamber

Now, transfer the colonised pots to a well-ventilated fruiting chamber. Make sure the area is damp and has indirect light. Some species prefer darkness at this time, so research your unique species’ needs.

Maintain Humidity and Temperature

In the fruiting chamber, keep the relative humidity about 95% and the temperature between 70-75°F (21-24°C). Humidity is essential for mushroom formation.

Monitor Growth

Magic mushrooms will begin to sprout and grow from the mycelium over time. These mushroom primordia will mature and be ready for harvest.

Maintain Proper Conditions

Maintaining proper conditions during the fruiting stage of magic mushroom cultivation is critical to ensure a successful harvest. These conditions include:

Temperature Control

During the fruiting period, it’s critical to keep the temperature consistent within the specified range for your mushroom species. Most magic mushrooms grow in temperatures ranging from 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit (21 to 24 degrees Celsius).

Temperature variations can stress and stunt the growth of mushrooms. Monitor the temperature inside your fruiting chamber using a thermometer. Also, don’t forget to make adjustments to stay within this range. Depending on your specific configuration, you may need to utilise heated pads or fans to manage temperature.

Humidity Maintenance

Magic mushrooms require high humidity to grow and develop properly. During this stage, a relative humidity (RH) level of roughly 95% is optimum. To maintain proper humidity use the following methods:

  • Misting

Always mist the inside of the fruiting chamber on a regular basis with clean, distilled water. This replenishes moisture lost through evaporation and maintains a consistently high humidity environment.

  • Foggers or Humidifiers

To manage humidity levels more efficiently in bigger installations, consider using automated misting systems, ultrasonic foggers, or humidifiers.

  • Hygrometer

Try to monitor the humidity levels in the fruiting chamber with a hygrometer. To maintain the required level of RH, adjust the misting frequency or employ additional humidification devices.


While keeping high humidity is critical, appropriate ventilation is also vital. Fungi, especially magic mushrooms, require a constant supply of oxygen to thrive.

Make sure your fruiting chamber has enough ventilation to supply oxygen and eliminate excess carbon dioxide. To accomplish this, use vents, fans, or apertures in your chamber.

Light Exposure

Some kinds of mushrooms require light to begin the fruiting process. Others, such as Psilocybe cubensis, can endure low light or even complete darkness during fruiting.

Investigate the individual needs of your chosen type and offer the necessary lighting conditions. Most magic mushrooms require a 12-hour light cycling with cool-white fluorescent lighting or natural, indirect light.


Ensure a clean and sanitary environment throughout the fruiting stage. Wear gloves and use good hygiene standards while handling your fruiting chamber, substrates, or mushrooms to avoid introducing pollutants.


Mushroom growth is a slow process that can take many weeks from the start of the fruiting stage to the time when your mushrooms are ready to be harvested. Be patient and refrain from disturbing the growing environment.

Harvest and Enjoy Responsibly

Magic Mushrooms should be harvested after the caps have fully opened and the veils beneath have broken. After which they should be cut at the base of the stem with a clean, sharp knife or scissors.

Next, you have to handle them with care to prevent injuries to the fragile caps. This scheduling ensures that you pick the mushrooms at their peak, when their hallucinogenic ingredients are most concentrated. Proper handling and exact harvesting are essential for preserving the quality and potency of your harvest.


Growing magic mushrooms at home may be an enthralling and gratifying experience, particularly for those who live in areas where it is legal or permitted with the right permits.

However, when going on any trip, always emphasise safety, legality, and ethical issues. It’s important to remember that magic mushrooms contain psychoactive ingredients and should only be taken properly and in moderation.

Cultivation should be done with caution, attention to details, and adherence to local rules and regulations. Additionally, keep up to date on the most recent research and advice on magic mushroom cultivation to ensure the greatest possible results and experiences.


How To Grow Magic Mushrooms: A Comprehensive Guide from Spores to Spectacular Growth - (2024)


What is the easiest way to grow mushrooms for beginners? ›

Start with a grow kit

Spray-and-grow kits, a block of colonized substrate inside a small box, make for the easiest way for beginners to get started. “They're inexpensive. You get a lot of mushrooms out of them. And they're super easy,” says Lynch.

Where is the best place to plant mushroom spores? ›

Mushrooms are best grown under-cover, where temperature and moisture can be controlled. A shed, garage, garden cold frame or cellar will work well – anywhere out of the sun where it's possible to give mushrooms their optimum growing temperature of around 15°C (the temperature shouldn't go below 10°C or above 20°C).

How to start growing mushrooms from spores? ›

Growing mushrooms at home starts with making a spore syringe from mature mushroom caps. Keep the growing medium moist and warm, around 70°F, for spores to thrive and turn into mushrooms. Harvest mushrooms when the cap separates from the stem and store them in paper bags in the fridge.

How do you stimulate mushroom growth? ›

To initiate fruiting, lowering temperatures and increasing oxygen levels generally encourages mushroom formation. Initiation can be in the form of cold shocking, water shocking or introducing more oxygen by cutting a hole in the bag. them with water as if in a strong rainstorm.

What is the cheapest way to grow mushrooms indoors? ›

Another easy, inexpensive option for growing mushrooms at home is inoculated sawdust in a plastic bag. These come in kit versions, but you can also make them yourself. Store them in a bathroom where it is dark and moist and you'll start to see flushing pretty quickly.

What is the best mushroom to grow for beginners? ›

If you're a beginner looking to grow mushrooms at home, oyster mushrooms are the best option for you. There are many varieties available, including pearl, king, and eye-catching pink, blue, and golden oysters.

Which state is best for mushroom farming? ›

In the United States, the leading producer of mushrooms, organic as well as conventional, is Pennsylvania, followed by California.

Can you plant directly into mushroom soil? ›

Mushroom compost should not be used for germinating seeds or for planting seedlings in, as before they are fully established, they can be tender to high salt levels. There are also some plants that are sensitive to salt in soils even once mature, and these include blueberries, camellias, and azaleas.

What is the easiest mushroom kit to grow? ›

Oyster mushrooms are by far the easiest and most reliable mushrooms to grow. For beginners we recommend our Mist & Grow Oyster mushroom grow kits. Simply cut an X in one side of the bag, cover with a humidity tent, and mist a few times daily. Within 7-10 days a cluster of baby mushrooms will appear!

What is the cheapest way to grow mushrooms? ›

Growing mushrooms outdoors on hardwood logs is by far the cheapest, easiest, and most passive method for how to grow mushrooms at home. Pre-inoculated logs can be purchased online or better yet, from local mushroom producers in your area.

What is the easiest and most profitable mushroom to grow? ›

And although growers are devising ways to cultivate fussier mushroom species, their unique requirements and the extra time, energy and labor required to grow them increases production costs. The best mushrooms for small-scale production are profitable, easy-to-grow species like oysters and lion's mane mushrooms.

What are the 5 steps to growing mushrooms? ›

The six steps are Phase I composting, Phase II composting, spawning, casing, pinning, and cropping. These steps are described in their naturally occurring sequence, emphasizing the salient features within each step. Compost provides nutrients needed for mushrooms to grow.


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